Source Material

Accounts of the Lord High Treasurer of Scotland, 1473-1566, Dickson T., & Balfour Paul, Sir J., (eds), (1877-1916) – vol. IV
Anderson, A.O., Early Sources of Scottish History, vols1-2, Stamford (1990)
Bannerman, J., Studies in the History of Dalriada, Edinburgh (1974)
Broderick, G., (trs) Cronica Regum Mannie & Insularum, Isle of Man (1979)
Calendar of Documents relating to Ireland (1252-84 etc), Sweetman (ed.), London 1877->
Calendar of Documents relating to Scotland, Bain et al. (eds), Edinburgh (1881->)
Calendar of State Papers – Carew, Brewer & Bullen (eds), London (1867)
Calendar of State Papers Ireland, Hamilton et al. (eds), London (1877)
Calendar of State Papers relating to Scotland, Boyd et al. (eds), Edinburgh (1898->)
Cameron, A., Reliquiae Celticae, vols. 1-2, Inverness (1892-4)
Collectanea de Rebus Albanicis, Edinburgh (1847)
Duncan, A.A.M., (ed.), The Acts of Robert I, Edinburgh (1988)
Exchequer Rolls of Scotland, Stuart, J., et al. (eds), Edinburgh (1878-1908)
Facsimiles of the National MSS of Scotland, London (1867-71)
Highland Papers, vols I-IV, SHS (1914-34)
Macfarlane, W., Geographical Collections relating to Scotland, SHS (1906-8)
Nicolson, A., Gaelic Proverbs, Edinburgh (1996)
Register of the Privy Council of Scotland, Hill Burton, J., & Masson, D., (eds), Edinburgh (1877 ->)
Registrum Magni Sigilli Regum Scottorum, Thomson, J.M., (ed.), Edinburgh (1984)
Rotuli Scotiae, MacPherson, D. et al. (ed.), London (1814-19)
Stevenson, J., (ed.), Documents Illustrative of Scottish History 1286-1306, Edinburgh (1870)

The Vikings

Crawford, B., Earl & Mormaer, Norse-Pictish relationships in Northern Scotland, Groam House Museum (1995)
Crawford, B., Scandinavian Scotland, Leicester (1987)
Donaldson, G., Northern Commonwealth, Edinburgh (1990)
Fenton & Palsson (eds), The Northern and Western Isles in the Viking world, Edinburgh (1984)
Grieg, S., Viking Antiquities In Great Britain & Ireland (Part II – Viking Antiquities in Scotland), Oslo (1940)
Henderson, G., The Norse Influence on Celtic Scotland, Glasgow (1910)
B Megaw, B., ‘Norseman & Native in the Kingdom of the Isles’ in Davey, P. (ed.), Man and Environment in the Isle of Man, BAR, vol. 54 (1978)
Oftedal, M., ‘On the frequency of Norse Loanwords in Scottish Gaelic’, Scottish Gaelic Studies IX (1962)
Small, A., ‘The Viking Highlands – A Geographical View’ in The Dark Ages in the Highlands, Inverness Field Club (1971)


Allen, A., Orkney’s Maritime Heritage, NMM
Anderson, R.C., ‘English Galleys in 1295’, MM 14
Atkinson, I., The Viking Ships, Cambridge (1980)
Auden, G.A., ‘A Viking ship on a church door (Stillingfleet)’ in Saga Book of the Viking Club, vol. V, London
Backhouse, J., & de Hamel, C., The Becket Leaves, British Library (1988)
Brogger, A.W., & Shetelig, H., The Viking Ships, Oslo (1971)
Campbell, A., ‘The Carpenter MacPheigh’, KIST 51
Campbell, Lord A., Argyllshire Galleys, London (1906)
Campbell, M., ‘The Western Voyage of Alexander II’, KIST 22
Campbell, N.D., ‘An Old Tiree Rental of the Year 1662’, SHR, vol. 9 (1911-12)
‘Church of All Saints Staplehurst’, Archaeologia Cantiana Vol IX
Clark, W., Lord of the Isles Voyage, Ireland (1993)
Clouston, J. Storer, ‘The Battle of Tankerness’, POAS, vol. 6 (1927-8)
Fenton, A., ‘The Currach in Scotland’, Scottish Studies Vol 16
Fionn, ‘Gaelic Technical Terms’ in Highland News 2/10/1897
Franck, Capt. R., Northern Memoirs, Edinburgh (1821)
Friel, I., The Good Ship, British Museum (1995)
Gunn, A., West Highland Galley (MA Dissertation), Glasgow University (1986)
Hornell, J., ‘The Curraghs of Ireland’, MM 23 & 24
James, M., ‘The drawings of Matthew Paris’, in Walpole Society XIV (1925-6)
Joass, Rev J.M., ‘Note on the Curach and Ammir in Ross-shire’, PSAS XV
Laird Clowes, W., The Royal Navy, vol. I (1897)
Lethbridge, T.C., ‘Battle-site in Gorten Bay, Ardnamurchan’, PSAS LIX
MacAulay, J., Birlinn, Harris (1996)
McGrail, S., Ancient Boats in NW Europe, Longman (1987)
Macinnes, Rev D., ‘Notes on Gaelic Technical Terms’, TGSI XIX
Mackenna, F.S., ‘Kilchattan Graffiti’, KIST 26
Macpherson, N., ‘Notes on Antiquities from the Isle of Eigg’, PSAS XII
Mather, J.Y., ‘Boats and Boatmen of Orkney and Shetland’, Scottish Studies (1964)
Megaw, B., ‘An 18th century representation of a Highland Boat’, Scottish Studies vol. 5
Megaw, B., ‘The Ship Seals of the Isle of Man’, Manx Museum Journal vol. VI (1959-60)
Morrison, A., ‘The Contullich Papers’, TGSI XLIV
Munro, R.W., ‘Bloody Bay’ in Notes & Queries 16, Society for West Highland & Island Historical Research
Olsen, O., & Crumlin-Pedersen, O., Five Viking Ships, Copenhagen (1985)
Rawlinson, H.G., ‘The Flanders Galleys’, MM 12
Rodgers,W.L., Naval Warfare under Oars, Maryland USA (1986)
Sandison, C., The Sixareen, Lerwick (1994)
Skene, G., ‘Narrative of Prince Charlie’s Escape’, Blackwood’s Magazine, vol. 114, 1873
Stell, G., ‘By Land & Sea in Mediaeval and Early Modern Scotland’, Review of Scottish Culture No 4 (1988)
The Earliest Ships, Conway Maritime Press, London (1996)
Tinniswood, J.T., ‘English Galleys 1272-1377’, MM 35
Young, G.V.C., The Hebridean Birlinn, Nyvaig and Lymphad, Isle of Man (1997)

Literature – Norse

Anderson, J., (ed.), Hjaltalin, J., & Goudie, G., (trs.), Orkneyinga Saga, Edinburgh (1981)
Auden, W.H., & Taylor, P.B., Norse Poems, Faber (1983)
Fell, C., (trs.) Egil’s Saga, Dent (1993)
Hight, G., (trs.) Grettir the Strong, Dent (1987)
Larson, L.M., (trs.) ‘The King’s Mirror’ in Ross & McLaughlin (eds.), The Portable Mediaeval Reader, Penguin (1978)
Magnusson, M., & Palsson, H., (trs.), King Harald’s Saga, Penguin (1966)
Magnusson, M., & Palsson, H., (trs.), Laxdaela Saga, Penguin (1969)
Magnusson, M., & Palsson, H., (trs.), Njal’s Saga, Penguin (1960)
Magnusson, M., & Palsson, H., (trs.), Vinland Sagas, Penguin (1965)
Palsson, H., (trs.), Hrafnkel’s Saga, Penguin (1971)
Palsson, H., & Edwards, P., (trs.), Eyrbyggja Saga, Edinburgh (1973)
Palsson, H., & Edwards, P., (trs.), Hrolf-Gautreksson, Edinburgh (1972)
Palsson, H., & Edwards, P., (trs.), Orkneyinga Saga, Penguin (1981)
Palsson, H., & Edwards, P., (trs.), Seven Viking Romances, Penguin (1985)
Poole, R.G., Viking Poems on War and Peace, Toronto (1991)

Literature – Gaelic

Bateman, M., (trs.), Gair nan Clarsach/The Harps’ Cry, Edinburgh (1994)
Campbell, J.L., ‘The Royal Irish Academy Text of Birlinn Clann Raghnaill’, Scottish Gaelic Studies IX
Carmichael, A., Carmina Gadelica, (vols 1 & 5), Scottish Academic Press, Edinburgh (1984 & 1987)
Dwelly, E., Gaelic-English Dictionary, Birlinn (1993)
Macalpine, N., Pronouncing Gaelic-English Dictionary, Glasgow (1975)
MacDiarmid, H., (ed.), Golden Treasury of Scottish Poetry, Edinburgh (1993)
Macdonald, A. & A., The Poems of Alexander Macdonald, Inverness (1924)
Mackenzie, A.M., (ed.), Orain Iain Luim, The Scottish Gaelic Texts Society, Scottish Academic Press (1973)
Maclennan, M., Gaelic Dictionary, Acair & Mercat (1992)
Macleod, A., Sar Orain, Glasgow (1933)
Nicolson, A., ‘The Bark of Clanranald’, An Gaidheal (1877)
Thomson, D., Introduction to Gaelic Poetry, London (1977)
Thomson, D., Alasdair Mac Mhaighstir Alasdair Selected Poems, The Scottish Gaelic Texts Society, Scottish Academic Press, Edinburgh (1996)
Watson, W.J., (ed.), Scottish Verse from the Book of the Dean of Lismore, The Scottish Gaelic Texts Society, Scottish Academic Press, Edinburgh (1978)

Literature – Latin & Mediaeval

Campbell, A., (ed.), Encomium Emmae Reginae, London (1949)
Colgrave, B., The Life of Bishop Wilfrid, Cambridge (1927)
Mackenzie, W., (ed.), The Bruce, London (1909)
McDiarmid & Stevenson, Barbour’s Bruce, Scottish Texts Society, Edinburgh (1980)
Vaughan, R., (ed.), The Illustrated Chronicles of Matthew Paris, Stroud (1993)
Webb, J., (trs.), The Age of Bede, Penguin (1988)
Winterbottom, M., (trs.), Gildas: The Ruin of Britain and other works, Phillimore (1978)

Carved Stones

Bailey, R.N., Viking Age Sculpture, London (1980)
Campbell, J.L., & D Thomson, D., (eds), Edward Lhuyd in the Scottish Highlands 1699-1700, Oxford (1963)
Drummond, J., Sculptured Monuments in Iona & W Highlands, (1881)
Graham, R.C., The Carved Stones of Islay, (1895)
RCAHMS, Argyll, vols 1-7, HMSO (1971-1992)
RCAHMS, Outer Hebrides, Skye & Small Isles, HMSO (1928)
Steer & Bannerman, Late Mediaeval Monumental Sculpture in the W Highlands, HMSO (1977)
Stuart, J., Sculptured Stones of Scotland, (1856-67)
White, T.P., Archaeological Sketches in Scotland: Kintyre, Edinburgh (1873)
White, T.P., Archaeological Sketches in Scotland: Knapdale, Edinburgh (1875)


Bangor-Jones, M., ‘Land Assessments & Settlement History in Sutherland and Easter Ross’ in Baldwin, J.R., (ed.), Firthlands of Ross and Sutherland, Edinburgh (1986)
W Lamont, W., ‘House’ and ‘Pennyland’ in the Highland and Isles, Scottish Studies Vol 25 (1981)
MacGregor, L., & Crawford, B., (eds), Ouncelands and Pennylands, University of St Andrews (1987)
McKerral, A., ‘Ancient denominations of Agricultural land in Scotland’, PSAS (1943-4)
McKerral, A., ‘The lesser land and administrative divisions in Celtic Scotland’, PSAS (1950-1)
Macqueen, J., ‘Pennyland and Davoch in SW Scotland’, Scottish Studies vol. 23 (1979)
Marwick, H., ‘Leidang in the West’, POAS Vol 13 (1935)
Marwick, H., ‘Naval defence in Norse Scotland’, SHR XXVIII (1949)
Megaw, B., ‘Pennyland and Davoch in SW Scotland’, Scottish Studies vol. 23 (1979)
Thomas, F.W.L., ‘What is a Pennyland?’, PSAS 18
Thomas, F.W.L., ‘Ancient Valuation of Land in the West of Scotland’, PSAS 20

Highland and Scottish

Barrow, G., Robert Bruce & the Community of the Realm of Scotland, Edinburgh (1988)
The Book of Dunvegan, vols 1&2, Aberdeen (1938-9)
M Campbell, M., Mid Argyll: An Archaeological Guide, (1984)
M Campbell, M., Mid Argyll: A Handbook of History, (1970)
M Campbell, M., ‘Robert I & Tarbert Castle’, KIST 34
Cheape, H., ‘Woodlands on the Clanranald Estates’ in Scotland since Prehistory, Aberdeen (1993)
Cowan, E.J., ‘Norwegian Sunset – Scottish Dawn’ in Scotland in the Reign of Alexander III, Edinburgh (1990)
Craven, J.B., Records of Argyll & the Isles, Kirkwall (1907)
Duncan, A., & Brown, A., ‘Argyll & the Isles in the Earlier Middle Ages’, PSAS 1956-7
Fergusson, C., & Mackenna, F.S., “Is the site of Tarbert’s ‘Peel’ now identified?”, KIST 34
Fraser, I., ‘Gaelic & Norse elements in coastal place-names in the Western Isles’, TGSI Vol L (1976-8)
Graham-Campbell, J.A., ‘The Viking-age Silver & Gold hoards of Scandinavian character from Scotland’, PSAS 107
Grant, I.F., Highland Folk Ways, (ch. 12), (1995)
Grant, I.F., The Macleods, London (1959)
Johnson & Boswell, A Journey to the Western Islands of Scotland & The Journal of a Tour to the Hebrides, OUP (1974)
Knox, J., Tour through the Highlands, (1776)
Macdonald, J., Tales of the Highlands, Inverness (1907)
MacInnes, Rev. J., ‘West Highland Sea Power in the Middle Ages’, TGSI (1974)
Mackay, W., (ed.), Chronicles of the Frasers, SHS, Edinburgh (1905)
Mackenzie, W.C., History of the Outer Hebrides, (1903)
McKerral, A., ‘West Highland Mercenaries in Ireland’, SHR XXX
Maclean, J.P., A History of the Clan Maclean, Cincinnati (1889)
Martin Martin, A Description of the Western Islands of Scotland, Birlinn (1994)
(also includes Sir Donald Munro’s description)
Miket, R., & Roberts, D.L., The Mediaeval Castles of Skye and Lochalsh, Skye (1990)
Millar, A.H., Scottish Forfeited Estate Papers 1715-45, SHS, Edinburgh (1909)
Miller, H., My schools and schoolmasters, Edinburgh (1889)
Munro, J. & R., (eds), Acts of the Lords of the Isles, SHS, Edinburgh (1986)
Murray, S., The Beauties of Scotland, Byway Books (1982)
Pennant, T., A Voyage to the Hebrides, (1790)
Ross, D., The Glengarry Evictions, Glasgow (1853)
Ross, W., ‘Clan Neil of Barra’ in Kay, W., (ed.), Odyssey, The Second Collection Polygon (1982)
Skene, W.F., Celtic Scotland, Edinburgh (1886-90)
Walker, J., An Economical History of the Hebrides & Highlands, vol. II (1808)


Hayes McCoy, G.A., Scots Mercenary forces in Ireland, Dublin & London (1937)
Nicholson, R., ‘An Irish expedition to Scotland in 1335’, Irish Historical Studies XIII (1962-3)
O’Meara, J., (trs.), Gerald of Wales The History & Topography of Ireland, Penguin (1982)
O’Neill, T., Merchants & Mariners in Mediaeval Ireland, Irish Academic Press (1987)
Shaw-Smith, D., Ireland’s Traditional Crafts, Thames & Hudson (1986)


Binns, A., ‘The navigation of Viking ships round the British Isles in Old English & Old Norse sources’ in Fifth Viking Congress (1968)
Lindsay, A., (‘methodized’ by Nicholas d’Arville) ‘The Navigation of King James V round Scotland’, Miscellanea Scotica III, Glasgow (1819)
Lindsay, A., A Rutter of the Scottish Seas, NMM (1980)
Marcus, G.J., ‘The Navigation of the Norsemen’, MM 39
Waters, D., The Art of Navigation in England in Elizabethan & Early Stuart Times Parts I-III, HMSO (1978)

Bookmark and Share